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Explaining a process

Explaining a process

A process is a series, a sequence, an orderly progression.
One step or event follows another: first this; then that; then something else.

We explain a process to:
1)    describe how to make or do something  
2)    describe how something works

Introduction

Name the process.
Where did you learn about the process?
Why is the process interesting, ie why would someone want to learn about it?

Body

Present each step of the process clearly and in sequence.
Use transitional expressions to make the sequence easy to follow and add interest.

Conclusion

Summarize the results of the process or make a final suggestion.


Tips for an effective presentation
  • Be sure to complete the process; don’t omit any steps.
  • Use language that allows everyone to understand what you are talking about.
  • Prepare your presentation thoroughly. Practice it in front of someone.
  • Use cue cards with brief notes. Don’t read your presentation word for word.
  • Use pictures, charts or other visuals to help illustrate the process.
  • Prepare and photocopy a list of specialized vocabulary, if necessary.
 Transitional Expressions for Explaining a Process



Beginning a Process     Continuing a Process      Ending a Process
(at) first                        second, third step           finally
initially                                  until                              to conclude
begin by                        after(ward)                       (and) lastly
                                    then
                                    next
                                    later
                                    before
                                    when
                                    while
                                    as soon as
                                    as
                                    during
                                    meanwhile

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